Alkaline Phosphatase (SAP), High
A 2-year-old MN Doberman Pinscher presented on April 4th due to a sock foreign body. He underwent exploratory surgery with a resection and anastamosis. This was the second resection and anastomosis surgery for this patient since February. After the first surgery, the patient had a septic abdomen. After that surgery, he was managed with a drain in an emergency hospital for several days. He had initial hepatic enzyme elevations which resolved with resolution of sepsis. At the second surgery on April 4th, adhesions were noted throughout the abdomen. There was an area of adhesions in the left inguinal area that was extremely friable. A drain was placed following this surgery as well. Intracelluar bacteria were noted in the drainage fluid. The patient was discharged from the hospital on April 8th. The following medications were sent home: Cefaseptin, 750 mg BID x 5 days Baytril, 150 mg BID x 5 days, Metronidazole, 500 mg BID x 5 days Cerenia and codeine were also dispensed. Clinically the patient is doing very well. He is eating, drinking, urinating and defecating normally. His activity level is good. Blood work from April 7th: Alb=21 (better than pre-op) ALP=241, lymphocytes=0.88, monocytes=1.57, Neutrophils=12.15, suspected bands. A follow up ultrasound 14 days post-op from the second sock foreign body surgery was performed.
Patient presents for suspicion of possible Cushing's. LDDST did not support a diagnosis of Cushing’s, however the chemistry panel does have generalized increased liver values; all considered mild-mod. ALT, AST, ALKP all mildly increased. Mild thrombocytosis - likely excitement. SDMA mildly increased. BUN/Crea normal. Abdominal ultrasound was recommended.
Patient was presented for ataxia, icterus, lethargy, and vomiting. History of atypical vaccine reaction after first DHLPP-ADR, enlarged peripheral LN. The patient has not been 100% since. Blood chemistry and CBC revealed BUN 3, TP 4.3, Alb 1.9, ALT 457, ALKP 869, GGT 20, Tbili 5.1, chol 84, amylase 216 and HCT 31%.
Possible intestinal foreign body, lethargy, weakness. Panting on presentation. Current meds: Cerenia, Unasyn, IVF, Barium series started at 5pm. CBC and blood chemistry from 2/15 showed: WBC 22.57, Neu 18.66, HGB 11.4, PLT 128,. Na 144, ALT 440, ALP 379, GGT 12. In house u/a- USG 1.062, 2wbc/hpf, no bacteria, crystals unclassified 1-5/hpf. U/A pending.
A 13-year-old MN Beagle mix with history of increased weakness and respiratory effort presented for a heart murmur, suspected pulmonary edema, enlarged liver, and possible cranial abdominal mass. The patient was abdominally retracting while breathing, but his mucous membranes remained consistently pink. The patient was started on furosemide 12.5 mg 3 tabs BID and Pimobendan 5 mg BID. CBC and blood chemistry found moderately high WBC count; poss. bands, Alk. Phos. 663. Urine specific gravity was 1.023.
The patient originally presented with a swelling of the lower right palpebrae, a 2 week history of hyporexia, change in treat preference, lethargy, decreased water intake and 2-3lbs of weight loss. Patient began drooling soon after he was sent home on Cefpodoxime, Apoquel and Mycequin for ocular changes. Patient has also been receiving NeoPolyBac ointment along the eyelid.
The patient presented for pre-anesthetic work up for a TPLO surgery and it was noted that the patient's abdomen appeared larger than normal. Radiographs of the abdomen were inconclusive and an ultrasound was performed.
The patient was presented for vomiting, lethargy, and painful cranial abdomen. Blood chemistry revealed BUN 5, glob. 4.7, ALT >1000, Alk.Phos. 1342, GGT 25, and T. bili 2.8. A STAT ultrasound was ordered and performed by ASNW with interpretation done by SonoPath.
The patient was presented for painful abdomen, pyrexia, vomiting, and anorexia. After 12 hours on IVF and supportive care the patient's pyrexia resolved and there was no further vomiting. A painful abdomen persisted and mild icterus was evident in both the sclera and mucous membranes. The patient was treated with Cerenia, Unasyn, Metronidazole, Gabapentin, and Famotidine. Blood chemistry found AST 70, ALT 553, ALK. Phos. 8162, GGT 46, T. Bili. 7.2, K 3.4, Chol. 720, Trig. 609, amylase 2038, PSL 697. Urine specific gravity 1.011, proteinuria 2+, bilirubinuria 3+.
12-year-old MN DSH with a history uncontrolled diabetes mellitus was presented for evaluation of ravenous appetite, shaking, and restlessness. Current therapy was 9 IU PZI SQ BID. Urinalysis showed SG of 1.024 and glycosuria. CBC was within reference range. Abnormalities on serum biochemistry were hyperglycemia, elevated ALT and ALP activity, and hypokalemia. T4 was within reference range.
An 11-year-old MN Maltese mix was presented for evaluation of progressive elevation of liver enzyme activity. Blood work showed elevated ALT (530) and ALP (1255) activity and mildly elevated cholesterol.
The patient was presented due to panting, urinary accidents, PU/PD, +1 polyphagia, hepatomegaly on radiographs. Urinalysis revealed hematuria, pyuria, and hyposthenuria. U/A: USG 1.002, protein +2, WBCs 4-10, RBCs 11-20, rods 26-50. Blood chemistry results: ALT 283, Alk. Phos. 226.
An 11-year-old MN Yorkshire Terrier presented for a second opinion for a 4-week history of back pain; an L2 lesion is suspected. Previous treatments were Gabapentin and Tramadol, but the patient showed no improvement. The patient was still very painful, reluctant to move, and baring teeth when owner tried to pick him up. The area of L2 appeared normal on radiographs. CBC was WNL, blood chemistry found an Alk. Phos. of 187 and a PSA lipase of 528. Urinalysis showed 2+ protein. A left medial liver nodule, likely lipogranuloma or benign lesion with minor renal mineralization was seen on ultrasound. The sonographic findings were not contributing to this patient's pain and there was no evidence of visceral disease that could be contributing to the clinical signs. A CT of the spine with contrast was strongly recommended given the patient's symptoms.
A 14-year-old, MN, 13.5 lb Maltese was presented for a possible syncopal episode after going upstairs and breathing heavier. The patient was treated with enalapril 2.5 mgs PO SID and scheduled for an echocardiogram. Physical Exam: Grade 4/5 murmur. Radiograph indciated severe cardiomegaly. BP 117/74 Map 90. CBC: Normal. Chemistry: Alk. Phos 1340.
An 8-year-old, F/S, 77 lb, Pitbull terrier was presented at RDVM for decreased activity level and behavioral changes. Blood work was performed and showed an increase in ALKP. The patient also had a dental cleaning recently where they extracted multiple teeth and put her on oral Tramadol. Owner says that she was “normal” on March 20th but has slowly been declining. Repeat blood work showed an increase in ALKP. Unable to perform physical exam due to hyper response. Owner reported the patient had become very head shy and aggressive with other dogs and had drastically changed in personality. RDVM recommended a brain CT scan and it was decided to include the liver due to increased ALKP.
The patient is a 14 month old M Miniature Australian Shepherd dog who presented with an acute case of vomiting, lethargy and ataxia. The owner was unaware of any exposure to toxins or ingestion of obstructive material. Physical exam: 10% dehydrated; mm pink but tacky; abdomen tender on palpation; weight wnl. CBC/Chem: WBC 21,120, decreased cholesterol and protein; elevated CK, ALKP, ALT, BUN and ammonia. Lepto negative.
The patient was presented for vomiting 3-4 days prior. Was recently gagging, not urinating often despite normal drinking. The patient had a decreased appetite or was not eating at all and having innappropriate defecation in the house. Blood chemistry showed liver enzyme elevation and low BUN. Bile Acids test results were high at 464.6 umol/L. An abdominal ultrasound was recommended to rule out PSS, liver disease. possible infection- Lepto? (patient from Ontario, Canada), toxin, glomerulopathy, protein starvation, chronic non-obstructive FB, Addison, glomerulopathy, other.
An 11-year-old Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was presented for poor appetite and diarrhea. CBC revealed anemia and a hematocrit of 33. Blood chemistry revealed a low total protein of 3.4, albumin of 1.4, and ALKP of 487.
12-year-old MN Labrador mixed breed was presented for evaluation of anorexia, vomiting, and lethargy. Abnormalities on CBC and serum biochemistry were severe leukocytosis,neutrophilia, hemococentration, and elevated ALP (600).
An 8-year-old FS mixed breed dog was referred for partial anorexia and mild lethargy. Mild painful cranial abdomen was noted on physical exam. CBC and chemistry panel were unremarkable. Urinalysis revealed 3+ proteinuria with isosthenuria. Blood pressure was 220 mm Hg.